The second phase begins when all of the permanent teeth have erupted.
The goal of the second phase is to make sure each tooth has an exact location in the mouth where it is in harmony with the lips, cheeks, tongue, and other teeth. When this equilibrium is established, the teeth will function together properly.
Phase two usually involves full upper and lower braces.
Retainers are usually worn after the braces come off to help ensure that your child’s teeth remain in the correct position.